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Massacres of 1914-20 years

  



Since the early of XX century history of the Armenian chauvinism began to implement well thought-out planned genocide. "The tendency of arrived Armenian" since the beginning of the XX  century could achieve its goal by the problems that might emerged based on inter-nations conflict, planned by the  Tsarist Russia and the Bolshevik ideology.
At the first years of the century the Armenian chauvinists realizing the bloody massacres, terrors in Azerbaijan for the first time in 1905-1907 carried out the local policy of genocide and deportation in order to realize the principles "Great Armenia" and “From sea to sea state". In those years, in Yerevan, Goycha, Zangezur districts of the Western Azerbaijan, as well as in Ganja, Garabagh and other regions one of the main goals of the Armenian nationalists and tsarist Russia was radical cleansing policy. We express regretfully that the mass genocide committed against our nation by the Armenians and the deportation policy was the first but not last. 
The Armenians created 3 divisions for killing of Azerbaijanis living in the Western Azerbaijan (Armenia) and Nakhichevan. After Bourgeois Russian revolution in February (1917) the position of Russia worsened the fronts. 250 thousand Armenian volunteers fought in Russian Army finally became scattered after the counterattacks of Turkish army against the Russian army, became cut-throat gangs and as a result Turkish-Muslim genocide was weakened. Because the united commandment was at the command of the Russian army, but also Armenian forces were divided.  However, Armenians developed new plans for implementation of "Great Armenia" dream. According to this plan it was necessary to establish first of all, the state without Turks. For this purpose, the Armenians were not sufficed with small gangs to kill Azerbaijanis and decided to set the regular Army. To this end, in May 1917, they sent a delegation to then the head of the Russian Provisional Government Kerenski, and he was asked to permit to establish the new Army from the Armenian volunteers, being in the structure of the Russian army and to reinforce fight against the Turks.

The Armenians also required weapons from the temporary government. Kerenski fulfilled the request of the Armenians, and had met their requirements. After that, the Armenians created a unit of 35 thousand troops in May 1917. General T. Nazarian was appointed as corps commander, and Dro Qanian as deputy commander. The coprs was divided into 3 divisions. Distribution of areas among divisions was made. It was defined which division should kill Azerbaijanis in regions:
1. General Andronik in Nakhchivan, Sisian, Zangezur and mountainous parts of the Garabagh region;
2. General Arisian and Dro Qanian in Yerevan, around the Irevan, Zangibasar, Echmiadzin and part of the district Vedibasar, Quruduzlu and Daralayaz, Qamarli zones;
3. Colonel Silikov-Silikian should kill Azerbaijanis around the lake Goycha. These villains began to act under this plan.
The favorable conditions were established in the South Caucasus after World War I to carry out the insidious plans of Armenians. From Turkey a great number of Armenians was shifted to Yerevan province, Garabagh and Zangezur together with the Armenian military forces. Of course, the Armenians living in the Western territories of Azerbaijan, as in the XVIII-XIX centuries, used to drive out local Azerbaijanis by various means. It was not accidental that till March 1918, 199 Azerbaijani villages were destroyed in the Yerevan province. Namely after this process the establishment of the Armenian state on the territory of Yerevan province and further land claims of Armenians to Azerbaijani lands began. The colonial policy pursued by the Russian tsarism in corners of the empire although facilitated the activity of Armenians, in particular, the terrorist organization "Dasnaksutyun», but the Armenian chauvinists could provide inclusion of "Armenian case" in European political circles. Moreover the Armenian dasnaks gathered in Baku developed a tactics for the creation of “Great Armenia".
Of course, these processes were consistent and well thought out. That is, after February bourgeois revolution in Russia the Bolsheviks and dasnaks in Baku began to act together. This approach, first of all aimed to prevent "Musavat" party from coming on power and to carry out next genocide against the Azerbaijanis.
Even at All-Caucasian meetings held by in 1917 by the Armenians they began clearly sound the territorial claims against Georgians and Azerbaijanis. At that year the Armenian nationalists raised the question on “newcomers’ (elats) at the peasant deputies’ congress which was held in Tbilisi, and proposed  to re-divide the South Caucasus from the administrative point of view, put forward the idea of separation of Yelizavetpol (Ganja) province into two separate administrative units. In these proposals for the first time the Armenians offered to establish province Qanri, which includes mountainous part of Yelizavetpol province, Garabagh and Zangezur. Thus, the Armenian dasnaks  by making noise about the new administrative division of the South Caucasus, first of all    province Ganja so had drawn the  contours of the map of "Great Armenia".
At "National Armenian conference" held in Tbilisi in October, 1917 the voiced opinions and the mood led very soon to aggravation of the Armenian-Georgian and Armenian-Azerbaijanis relations. Armenian historians like O. Minasian and others although referred reasons of that on the Georgian media, in particular, on the Turks and Azerbaijanis, but the fact the main guilty in the political-military confrontation in the South Caucasus in the same period was Armenian dashnaks, was proved by proofs and documents. However, the Bolsheviks' policy of cheating of nations as with the equal rights of nations, actions of Lenin in December 1917, which created the conditions for the realization of plans of the Armenians (S. Shaumian’s appointment as Caucasus Emergency Commissioner), had further activated them.
During this period, the domestic and foreign policy in South Caucasus, including the issue of borders occupied one of the most important places in series of talks and agreements at the end of 1917, early of 1918 (Erzinjan, Trabzon, Brest-Litovsk, Batum). However, the Armenians, ignoring the agreements began the terror and violence with the armed forces in the territory of Azerbaijan, in particular, in Yerevan and Nakhichevan and Zangezur regions. Since December 1917, the Armenian armed forces attacked on villages Umudlu, Garalar, Sirkhavend, Buruj, Chyraqly, etc. and people were forced to obey dasnaks. The collection of various taxes from Azerbaijanis, theft of goods and cattle turned to be the regular case. In December 1917, Armenian armed robber bands, entered the homes of residents in Yerevan, Zangezur, Nakhchivan and Garabagh, as well as placing guards in the gates, required them to obey.



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