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In the foreign press

  



The conflict in the French press
Becoming an important argument of the international policy of conflict over Nagorno-Garabagh, the belonging of which to Azerbaijan was proved by the historical facts but now occupied by the Armenians, draws regularly the attention of press of the countries gathered around it. 
The press materials covering the certain period and taken from the press of the countries being active in the settlement of the conflict allows to get a certain imagination on content of the activity of each country and as a whole, activity of the country of countries having concerns over conflict. The country's "Liberasion", "Le Monde", "La Cugie", "Nouvelle Observer", "l’Humanite" right and left-wing independent publications had touched the Garabagh issue and expressed their thoughts about the bitter results of the conflict and the importance of peace. It should be noted that the coverage of Nagorno-Garabagh theme was mostly touched by the "Liberasion" newspaper, which is a leader in French editions. 

In the article under the name “Nagorno-Garabagh striving to independence” published in   "Liberasion" newspaper, dated February 10, 2006 (author – L. Miyo) a journalist at first sight wrote whatever he saw and heard, and left to make conclusions to the reader. The author said: "The flags hoisted in somewhere at roofs of the building demonstrated the ministries of the republic, which was not recognized by any country in the world, except Armenia. The false statehood of the separatist regime in Nagorno-Garabagh shows the role of aggressor of the Republic of Armenia.

Conflict in the German press 
In Germany's "Der Tagespiegel" newspaper interesting article of the correspondent Tobias Von Asmuth was published on the life of Garabagh refugees. The article is specifically about Aghdam. In the article prepared by the journalist from the part of this region, which is under the control of Azerbaijan, he informs that although 20 years passed from their deportation, the people of Aghdam still live with the desire to return to own homes.
The report describes the daily life of the refugees settled in the village of Banovshalar of Aghdam region. The newspaper writes that the village of Banovshalar was established by the Azerbaijan State Committee for Work with Refugees and IDP-s said. About 2 thousand refugees have been moved to the new houses built in the village from tent camps. There are clinics, post offices, kindergartens, schools, libraries and orchards in the village. According to the article, the conflict on Nagorno-Garabagh, which is part of Azerbaijan, according to international experts, is a slow bomb that could lead to a new crisis in the Caucasus. "The UN Security Council adopted few resolutions on withdrawal from the occupied territories, but the mediation of the OSCE could not help to solve this conflict. About 600 thousand Azerbaijanis from Nagorno-Garabagh and surrounding regions became the refugees and 20 percent of the country's territory is under occupation.

In April 2012 German language “Rochfeller Magazine" magazine had published an article about the living conditions of Azerbaijani people settled along the line of contact between the Armenian-Azerbaijani troops and how it affects the daily life of the population. (This article was alter re-published by a number of foreign media outlets, including influential U.S. newspaper "The Wall Street Journal" ).
The article is about Chiragly village, which is located in the immediate vicinity of the contact line in Agdam, being under control of Azerbaijan. The hero of the article is 70-year-old resident of the village of Khosrow Shukurov.  The magazine writes that he is not guilty for beginning of the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, but the effects of this war are felt by him every day: "Khosrov’s home and yard is behind of 2 walls, the gate and walls of the house have holes of hundreds of bullets. On the other side of the wall is the line of contact around the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Shukurov live on the Azerbaijani side of the contact line. In Chiraqli village the door of every house has traces of bullets; soldiers in trenches adjacent to the village targeted their weapons against the Armenian snieprs". "Every day we hear the sound of the fire. Sometimes Armenian soldiers reach 150 meters of distance of our homes. The windows of second floor of the house was built of stone, we know that we can use the first floor only," - said Shukurov. Peasant says that his daughter was wounded a few years ago by Armenian bullets. She was shot at the wedding. Since the summer of 1993, live of residents of the village Chiraqly of Agdam has changed dramatically, "- the article writes.
The author recalls the history of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, and writes that the fragile cease-fire exists between the two sides and front passes from the current contact line. "Agdam was occupied on July 23, 1993", - said Mr. Gasimov, the deputy head of the executive power. Now, 77 percent of the region is under the control of Armenia. Including Aghdam city Gasimov lived previously. “More than 6 thousand people were killed in the war from our region, only 141 thousand refugees driven out from Agdam" - he said. As can be seen on the Internet the Agdam city with pre-war population of 50 thousand people now turned into ruins and destroyed entirely. 
Journal reminds us that the UN Security Council in 1993 unanimously supported Azerbaijan and demanded withdrawal of Armenian forces from the occupied territories. In connection with the occupation of Agdam region on July 29, 1993, a resolution was adopted: "According to international law, the position of Azerbaijan is right. Nobody recognizes Nagorno-Karabakh as an independent republic and the world sees it as part of Azerbaijan "
According to the magazine, despite all the problems, Chiraqlı village resident Kh.Shukurov says that they want to live in the village. Shukurov cannot attract other village elders to talk, because they can be targeted to the Armenian snipers. Other areas were impassable because of the mines. Agdam is the line of contact, and many inhabitants call is the "death zone". At the same time, residents of the village can see Armenian forces in the Karabakh, even without the help of binocular, “border posts" erected by enemy. For more than 20 years, the OSCE mediates between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and so far there is no result. Experts, politicians and diplomats, speaking on Nagorno Karabakh uses the phrase "frozen conflict". However, when observed closely, this conflict is not frozen at all, which is powder barrel more ready to explode", - the magazine writes.

The conflict in the media of Pakistan:
"Diplomatic Insight" magazine
In the special issue of prestigious "Diplomatic Insight" magazine published in English and Arabic languages in Pakistan, dated December 2010, the large article was published about Azerbaijan. 
The article is about the history of the Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Garabagh conflict and it is reminded to the readers that the Azerbaijani lands were occupied by the Armenian forces. Historical and legal aspects of the conflict were touched and it was said that Garabag is a historical Azeri land and traditionally this land was ruled by the dynasties belonging to the Azerbaijani Turks. The legal side of the conflict has been explained in the article that the occupation of Azerbaijani territory by Armenia was reflected in resolutions of the UN General Assembly and Security Council, the Organization of Islamic Conference, the European Council and European Parliament and withdrawal of the Armenian occupants from these lands was demanded from occupants. It was noted that aggressor Armenia roughly violating the international law norms and principles continues the policy of the avoiding peace.
"Diplomatic Insight" magazine also reported about the political system, democratic principles and national values of Azerbaijan, that the Constitution taken as base for modern governing of the country, and it was explained in detail that the government is formed by the people through elections.

Garabagh conflict in the Russian press
An article under the title "Border Experience” was published in Russia's German  language press  "Moskauer Deutsche Zeitung" ("Moscow German Newspaper") dedicated to consequences of Nagorno Garabagh conflict.  The author of the article is Andre Vidmerd, a Swiss journalist. As a result of conflict all Azerbaijani population of Nagorno-Garabagh became refugees and separatists occupied even larger territories around the Nagorno-Garabagh of Azerbaijan state. Through the mediation of the OSCE and Russia still does not give any results. Despite the cease-fire since 1994 the soldiers and civilians are still killed in frontline.  
Then the life of population of Tapqaraqoyunlu village of Tartar region, living in constant fear located in the frontline, despite the 17 years since the cease-fire, was described in details. The daily life was described in the example of Kamil Allahverdiyev, rural resident and noted how the life became hard due to fires shot by the Armenians. Quotation from K. Allahverdiyev shows that due to fire from the Armenian side the funeral of village resident killed at result of this fire was difficult. The author notes that the last such dearth in the village was registered in April 2011. According to the sayings of rural people, fires become even intense after the observers leave the area. The article then provides information on the Tartar region’s other village Qapanlı. It is said that in order to protect the civilian population from the Armenian bullets 5 km long and 3 meter-height wall was built in the village. However, there are civilians of this village killed from the Armenian bullets.
In "Nezavisimaya gazeta" the article of Evgeni Kristalyov titled "Justice for Khojaly" was published.
In issue of "Nezavisimaya gazeta" dated 26 February the article of Evgeni Kristalyov titled "Justice for Khojaly" was published. The war brings suffering and tragedy to the nations, a lot of ordinary people. Hundreds and thousands of innocent people become victim and only the memory of generations does not allow writing off their names from the memory. 
February 26 is the Day of Commemoration of martyrs of Khojaly. The name of this city of Nagorno-Garabagh inhabited mostly by Azerbaijanis is known to many people and is compared with the fate Khatin, Liditse, Serebrenisa, and Songmi. The civil population of Khojaly 18 years ago was encircled by Armenian armed forces, which tried to seize the strategic point. The only airport in Garabagh was located here, and the road led directly inside of Azerbaijan.
The “trap” was arranged in ways for withdrawal of Kholaji. They were shot; wounded children were killed, and taken captive. Many of them did not return from captivity. In that dreadful night of 26th February of 1992 many could not escape. The results of massacre were terrible: 613 people were killed, and from them 63 were children, 106 women, 70 elderly people. Eight family members were killed totally, 487 people were wounded. 1275 were taken as prisoner; fate of 150 of them is still unknown.
Azerbaijani community of Nagorno-Garabagh losing Khojaly and its residents were deprived of the only support in the native land. Ethnic cleansing committed by the Armenian nationalists on once fertile land, in fact, was the genocide of the Azerbaijani community of Nagorno-Garabagh, and Khojaly massacre was the most terrible part of this policy. The culmination of the implementation of strategy “the occupation of residential area" was the occupation of Shusha, the main historical center of Azerbaijanis in Nagorno-Garabagh in May 1992. 
In this connection, the confession of Serzh Sargsyan to the British journalist, author of the book "Garabagh" Thomas de Waal, is very interesting: "Before Khojaly the Azerbaijanis thought that it is possible to trick us, they came in such a way that the Armenians will not attacks the civilian population. We managed to break this stereotype." How to say, there is no need to comment, neither to add nor to the reduce something.
Today the followers of that criminal policy which led to the tragedy of Khojaly speak about self-determination for Nagorno-Garabagh. At the same time they do not even recall about the opportunity of return of Garabagh’s Azerbaijanis to their native lands. Their demand to hold referendum just with participation of the Armenian people of the region has this purpose.
Today, Azerbaijan demand only justice. The large-scale international information and propaganda campaign carried out by the Russian representation of Heydar Aliyev Foundation and by the personal initiative of the head of this organization Leyla Aliyeva is called "Justice for Khojaly". The purpose of the campaign is to disseminate to the world truth about a crime against humanity, Khojaly genocide. Foundation’s actions are carried out in the offices of international organizations, as well as in the United Nations Headquarters in Geneva.

The conflict in the American press
"The New York Times" newspaper staff Russ Juskalian (Russ Juskalian) visited the occupied territories of Azerbaijan and wrote an extensive article about what he saw. The article was published in the newspaper’s edition dated September 21, 2012.
It becomes clear from article that that a journalist is of Armenian descent, and her grandmother at the time of the events in 1915 emigrated to the United States from the territory of Ottoman Turkey. The author writes that Nagorno-Karabakh was an autonomous region within Azerbaijan at Soviet period. The status could temporarily calm the conflict between Armenians and Azerbaijanis living in this region. But the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 80s of the last century the ethnic conflict resumed and became bloody.
He writes that when he went to Nagorno-Karabakh,  he expected to see luxury hotels, buses with a/c  and a rich cuisine. However, he did not meet with any of it. "Instead of it we were housed in local homes. That is, there is no guarantee of finding water, we had to eat ordinary food, we used to drive  in Soviet-era "Lada" or outdated, the bold  wheeled mini bus. I have tried to know more about the region which I knew less about its inconveniences “writes Rus Juskalian.
American travellers then went to Shusha  which is located in  "20 minutes" from  Khankendi  and stayed in home of Baku origin Armenian Saro Saryan. The author writes that Shusha faced many troubles, at the end of 80s it was a strong point of Azerbaijanis. Many of the city's buildings were destroyed by Armenians rockets fired from Khankendi.
American journalist and his friend after viewing Nagorno-Karabakh’s "Armenianized" historical monuments went to see Agdam’s  ruins. He writes while driving on Stepanakert-Mardakert (Khankendi-Agdara) road in "a lemon car”  ruins of Agdam can be observed in the moving taxi but the Armenian driver warns that shooting of  photos is prohibited. Then driver increased the speed so that foreign journalists could not see these scenes.
Rus Juskalian later wrote that during the Nagorno-Karabakh war the Armenians as if fought to get revenge for what they faced from Turks. But author surprises to understand why their Azerbaijani neighbours were driven from homes, killed in mass, so to quit for their over century persecution by Turks. “How to be with young Azerbaijani girls and boys that even did not see ever the places of their birth? I am being of Armenian descent, probably will not be able to see the rest of Azerbaijan. But they cannot see birthplaces.  American journalist visited Kalbajar region being under occupation and wrote to describe whatever he saw in destroyed Kalbajar like Agdam. Nobody lives in city except few Armenians transferred here from Russia and other foreign countries. However, it is possible to see Armenians having rest in sanatoriums of Istisu of Kalbajar being under the ruins.

The conflict in the Canadian Press
In March 2012 "The tension in the Caucasus" article was published in Montreal, Canada, in "La Presse" newspaper, an article devoted to the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict. Author of the article journalist Laura Julie Perrault notes that an ancient land of Nagorno-Karabakh is Azerbaijani land, and in recent years conflict has been forgotten. However, she shows that in recent years the deadlock in the negotiations between Armenia and Azerbaijan and presence of the conflict situation in the region may lead to the start of the conflict with participation of Russia, Iran and Turkey..
Author L.Perrault states that the Nagorno-Karabakh annexed by Armenia is the Azerbaijani territory under international law, and that, if the population of the region in 1994 was 75 per cent Armenians, and 25 % of Azerbaijanis, but today the Nagorno-Karabakh’s population is only Armenian. The author also  notes that Armenian army occupied 7 other regions around  Nagorno-Karabakh of Azerbaijan, and 600 thousand Azerbaijanis from Nagorno-Karabakh and the other occupied territories was expelled.
The article also noted that so called Nagorno-Karabakh is an institution did not recognized by any other country of the world. The author also notes that the key issue of dispute between the parties is to determine the future status of Nagorno-Karabakh in particular by holding a referendum. According to the author, if Armenians want only participation of “ Nagorno-Karabakh residents'’ in referendum but Azerbaijan is in favour of the referendum to be held all over the country.
At the end of the article it tells about the conflict and its interested participants. Armenia is close ally of Russia and Iran has complicated history of relations with Azerbaijan and ignorance of secular regime in Azerbaijan, so it defends the Armenia. As a close ally Turkey supports Azerbaijan.

The conflict in the Italian press
Italy's prestigious "L Occidentale" newspaper (June, 2012) published an article about Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Lasha Zilpimani, the author of the article says that the recent ceasefire violation on the frontline of concerns the international community. Outbreak of Armenia-Azerbaijan, Nagorno Karabakh conflict poses a great threat to the entire Caucasus region.
Nagorno-Garabakh conflict for 20 years is in the frozen condition. Intermediary mission of Russia and the West in spite of the efforts of 20 years no solution was found with the parties to the conflict. In 1994, the current status quo has been concluded as a result of the peace agreement.
Armenia and the Armenian lobby with support of the army of the Soviet Union has occupied a large territory in Nagorno-Karabakh region, at result of which Azerbaijanis people were driven out of their native lands. After that, the Nagorno-Karabakh declared its independence unilaterally. However, its independence was not recognized by any state or international organization of the world. This means that Armenia has expanded its territory to occupied Nagorno-Karabakh, in fact.
If there were not political, military and economic assistance, the Armenia cannot even occupy Azerbaijani territories, but could not survive as an independent state. Due to a number of contradictions in the beginning of the conflict, the European Union, in particular with respect to the position of resolution of the conflict did not act prudently.
Azerbaijan's territorial integrity is recognized by all the countries in the world and the United Nations (UN), and Today, Azerbaijan rightly demands that his sovereignty and territorial integrity recognized by the United Nations is to be respected and the occupied territories freed. Despite the fact that the international laws in favour of Azerbaijan but these territories are still under Armenian occupation. Of course, such a situation can not satisfy official Baku. 

The conflict in the Hungarian media
In Hungarian "Nepsava" newspaper on May 9, 2012 on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of occupation of Shusha by Armenian armed forces the article "Flames of Garabakh conflict" has been published. The author of the article, Ferens Kepec is a well-known journalist and publicist, who in the past year with representatives of the Hungarian media visited Azerbaijan and had a chance to get acquainted with the living conditions of refugees and IDPs, with the bitter results of the Nagorno-Garabakh conflict on site.  
The article is about establishing of Shusha by Azerbaijanis, about being of "Conservatory of the Caucasus" for a period of 200 years, the city's rich culture. He states about brutal destruction of Shusha, which declared as an important cultural monuments in the region in 1985, by Armenians. While investigating the reasons of leaving of Azerbaijanis the city in May 1992, where Azerbaijanis consisted of more than 90 per cent of city population the author shows that if they remained in Shusha  the second Khijaly tragedy may be repeated by Armenian vandals in this city.
Ferens Kepec writes not only about occupation of Susa but other 7 regions, carrying out by Armenian armed forces sniper was not only against our military but against civilians, too even they did not stop killing of young children. To justify his words an author reminds about the victims of Armenian terrorism, killing just last year 9-year-old  Fariz Badalov and 13-year-old Aygun Shahmaliyeva. Despite being 20 years under the occupation of Shusha is in historical memory of the people. The article also consisted of semi destroyed minarets of Shusha mosque of Govhar agha. 



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