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The recognition of the Khojaly Genocide at the ICO

  



The Khojaly genocide ranked with the great tragedies of XX century like Khatyn, Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Songmi. This tragedy happened at the end of the century was not against only the people of Azerbaijan, but it is one of the gravest crimes against humanity. The international conventions adopted in the world, universal laws, repeatedly condemned tragedies like the tragedy of Khojaly genocide and stated its unacceptability.
Azerbaijan has taken decisive steps in many international organizations, parliaments of the world for international political and legal assessment of the military offense committed in the territory of the Azerbaijan - Khojaly by Republic of Armenia. 

"Justice for Khojaly" campaign
The world's second after the United Nations organization for the number of its members, the Organization of Islamic Conference (Note: on 28th June of 2011 by the decision of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of member-countries the name of the organization has been changed to Islamic Cooperation Organization (ICO)) was repeatedly condemned aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan Republic and expressed solidarity with the position of Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Garabagh problem.
In 2004, the Organization of Islamic Conference has established the Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation. 
Forum also applied to the International Youth Movement, in the autumn of 2007 at "Youth stands for Alliance of Civilizations" Initiative, which was founded within the framework of "Alliance of Civilizations" and offered via its partners, international organizations to deliver to world community provocative actions of the regime that shed a blood of the peaceful Azerbaijanis. These ideas were in the proposal that the Nagorno-Garabagh conflict should be considered as a conflict that can lead to potentially worsening of the relations between civilizations. The proposal also stated that such policy of S.Sagsyan, came to power in Armenia, may lead to the serious violation of the stability in the South Caucasus region which plays important role in world's energy security policy.  
At 6th session of the Board of Directors of ICO Youth Forum in Kuwait in April 2008, the Head of Heydar Aliyev Foundation's Representation in Russia Leyla Aliyeva was elected as the first general Coordinator of the Forum on the issues of intercultural and dialogue among civilizations. It played significant role in the drawing of more attention by the ICO Youth Forum on the occupation of Azerbaijani territories by Armenia. As a result, at two-day meeting of experts organized by of ICO and ISESCO in the same year in Istanbul on May 17 the ICO Youth Forum, the campaign initiated by Leyla Aliyeva, the "Justice for Khojaly – Liberation for Garabagh" supported by ICO experts and it was decided to mark 26th of February as the Day of tragedy the victims of humanitarian disasters in the countries of the ICO. In addition, it was agreed to submit to at the meeting of ICO ministers the proposal on inclusion of the Khojaly massacre in textbooks on Islamic countries.
At Kampala (Uganda), in conference of foreign ministers of ICO member countries the initiative of General Coordinator for the Alliance of civilizations of the Youth Forum Leyla Aliyeva "Justice for Khojaly - Freedom to Garabagh" was approved. At the 35th session ICO foreign ministers conference the special resolution was adopted. Support of the resolution by the foreign ministers of 57 countries led to the establishment of political and legal framework in the world for the implementation of this campaign. 
According to the resolution, Day of Memory of victims of humanitarian tragedies was established at the ICO member-countries. The resolution states that besides the approval of list of tragedies, including Khojaly tragedy, the campaigns should be carried out for dissemination of right information on humanitarian disasters faced by the peoples of the Muslim countries in the twentieth century, about aggressions and ethnic cleansing.
By initiative of Leyla Aliyeva, General Coordinator for Intercultural Dialogue of Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) member-body of the Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation “Justice for Khojaly" international information campaign announced on May 8, 2008 has been started . The first event within the framework of the campaign was the exhibition of the photographs taken by children in connection with the Khojaly tragedy and photos of a foreign country's youth in Istanbul, in "Taksim" metro station. In May 2009 at 36the ministerial conference of Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the ICO held in Damascus, Syria the ministers fully supported the campaign taken by the Youth Forum on the "Justice for Khojaly - Freedom to Garabagh" and it was included in the final resolution, and members-countries were called to participate actively in this campaign.
In 2011 the Parliamentary Unions of the Organization of Islamic Conference (PU OIC) adopted declaration in support of the international campaign carried out by initiative of Leyla Aliyeva "Justice for Khojaly”. At the 13-th session of the Council of ICO Council of Parliaments held in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) capital Abu Dhabi, the Abu-Dhabi declaration adopted by member states calls for recognition the Khojaly tragedy as a crime committed against humanity. This was a result of the initiative of the Youth Forum of OIC “On Cooperation between YF of ICO and Parliamentary Unions of ICO”. It was noted in item 3 of the resolution that PU of ICO member- parliaments recognize massacre in town of Khojaly of the Republic of Azerbaijan committed by Armenian armed forces against the peaceful Azerbaijani population as a crime against humanity. The member states call to assess the crime at the national level.
There is a direct call to the parliament-members of organization and this, in turn, can lead to legal and political recognition of tragedy at the national level.  
On January 30, 2012, at 7th session of the Parliamentary Union of Islamic Cooperation Organization member states (PU ICO) held in Indonesian Palembang city to the traditionally adopted resolution "On aggression of the Republic of Armenia against the Republic of Azerbaijan"  a special item was added on the initiative of the Youth Forum of ICO. In paragraph devoted to Khojaly tragedy it is stated that the parliaments of the conference member-countries calls recognize since 2012 (20 year anniversary of the tragedy), February 26, 1992 as genocide committed by the armed forces of Armenia against the peaceful Azerbaijani population in accordance with the nature of the mass extermination, and demands to bring to responsibility of those committed the Khojaly massacre.

The recognition of Khojaly genocide by the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation

On November 15-17, 2012 the 39th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (CMFA of OIC) was held in Djibouti. At the session the draft resolution submitted by the Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (DC of Islamic Conference Youth Forum) in connection with its activities had been adopted by the CMFA of OIC. The special paragraph was allotted on the "Justice for Khojaly" campaign implemented since May 2008 with the initiative of Leyla Aliyeva, General Coordinator of the Intercultural Dialogue of Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation of OIC.  According to this paragraph, CMFA of OIC has appealed to its member states and institutions of OIC to take active part in the campaign and to support it and strive for making the genocide to be recognized at the international and national levels as a crime against humanity. Thus, the CMFA of OIC had recognized for the first time the Khojaly tragedy as an act of genocide.



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