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Shusha

  



Shusha is the fortress city in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. This city is the center of the Shusha region of Azerbaijan. The population is 19,300 (2008).
The city existed in ancient times was destroyed in XIII century by the Mongols. At the beginning of the 50-es of XVIII century, the city of Shusha was refurbished and newly built near the village of Shusha by the Karabakh khan Panahali khan. The first times city was called besides Shusha as Panahabad, too, in honor of the name of khan. Many monuments were built during the years of his reign. During the rule of Ibrahilkhalil khan, the city grew, and dams and defense towers were built here. During the rule of the Russian colonial administration Shusha had been developed as administrative and economic center of the Karabakh region. For centuries, this city was one of the major political and cultural centers of Azerbaijan.
Jidir plain is especially famous located at the edge of the city near the deep valley Dashalti.
The science and education fields are widely spread in Shusha. The provincial school was built here in 1830, seminary in 1838, and primary schools in 1876, and in 1880 six class provincial school and in 1886 the Turkish-Russian school. The city is the motherland of a number of well-known Azerbaijani singers, musicians, composers and conductors like Jabbar Garyagdioglu, Qurban Pirimov, Bul-Bul, Seid Shushinski, Khan Shushinski, Rashid Behbudov, U. Hajibeyov, Niyazi, Fikret Amirov, Suleyman Alasgarov, all of them are Shusha origin.
After being occupied by Armenians on May 8, 1992 Shusha was destroyed and turned to ruins. There are, 170 and 160 only officially registered monuments of art in Shusha. During the occupation of Shusha 200 people killed, 150 people became disabled and 552 children orphaned, 22 thousand people became refugees. 200 historical monuments, 2 sanatorium, home museums of well-known artists, 70 bed tourist center, 1,200 bed boarding, etc. were destroyed.
Currently is under Armenian occupation.




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