Home page   » CONFLICT IN OSCE    » OSCE document, Dec 6, 1994   

OSCE document, Dec 6, 1994


Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Budapest, 5-6 December 1994

Intensification of CSCE action in relation to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
1. Deploring the continuation of the conflict and the human tragedy involved, the participating
States welcomed the confirmation by the parties to the conflict of the cease-fire agreed on 12 May 1994
through the mediation of the Russian Federation in co-operation with the CSCE Minsk Group. They
confirmed their commitment to the relevant resolutions of the United Nations Security Council and
welcomed the political support given by the Security Council to the CSCE's efforts towards a peaceful
settlement of the conflict. To this end they called on the parties to the conflict to enter into intensified
substantive talks, including direct contacts. In this context, they pledged to redouble the efforts and
assistance by the CSCE. They strongly endorsed the mediation efforts of the CSCE Minsk Group and
expressed appreciation for the crucial contribution of the Russian Federation and the efforts by other
individual members of the Minsk Group. They agreed to harmonize these into a single coordinated effort
within the framework of the CSCE.
2. To this end, they have directed the Chairman-in-Office, in consultation with the participating
States and acting as soon as possible, to name co-chairmen of the Minsk Conference to ensure a common
and agreed basis for negotiations and to realize full co-ordination in all mediation and negotiation
activities. The co-chairmen, guided in all of their negotiating efforts by CSCE principles and an agreed
mandate, will jointly chair meetings of the Minsk Group and jointly report to the Chairman-in-Office.
They will regularly brief the Permanent Council on the progress of their work.
3. As a first step in this effort, they directed the co-chairmen of the Minsk Conference to take
immediate steps to promote, with the support and co-operation of the Russian Federation and other
individual members of the Minsk Group, the continuation of the existing cease-fire and, drawing upon the
progress already achieved in previous mediation activities, to conduct speedy negotiations for the
conclusion of a political agreement on the cessation of the armed conflict, the implementation of which
will eliminate major consequences of the conflict for all parties and permit the convening of the Minsk
Conference. They further requested the co-chairmen of the Minsk Conference to continue working with
the parties towards further implementation of confidence-building measures, particularly in the
humanitarian field. They underlined the need for participating States to take action, both individually and
within relevant international organizations, to provide humanitarian assistance to the people of the region
with special emphasis on alleviating the plight of refugees.
4. They agreed that, in line with the view of the parties to the conflict, the conclusion of the
agreement mentioned above would also make it possible to deploy multinational peacekeeping forces as
an essential element for the implementation of the agreement itself. They declared their political will to
provide, with an appropriate resolution from the United Nations Security Council, a multinational CSCE
peacekeeping force following agreement among the parties for cessation of the armed conflict. They
requested the Chairman-in-Office to develop as soon as possible a plan for the establishment, composition
and operations of such a force, organized on the basis of Chapter III of the Helsinki Document 1992 and
in a manner fully consistent with the Charter of the United Nations. To this end the Chairman-in-Office
will be assisted by the co-chairmen of the Minsk Conference and by the Minsk Group, and be supported
by the Secretary General; after appropriate consultations he will also establish a high-level planning
group in Vienna to make recommendations on, inter alia, the size and characteristics of the force,
command and control, logistics, allocation of units and resources, rules of engagement and arrangements
Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan with contributing States. He will seek the support of the United Nations on the basis of the stated United Nations readiness to provide technical advice and expertise. He will also seek continuing political support from the United Nations Security Council for the possible deployment of a CSCE peacekeeping force.
5. On the basis of such preparatory work and the relevant provisions of Chapter III of the Helsinki
Document 1992, and following agreement and a formal request by the parties to the Chairman-in-Office
through the co-chairmen of the Minsk Conference, the Permanent Council will take a decision on the
establishment of the CSCE peacekeeping operation.

Read: 4022